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Lectures on Twentieth Century Europe - Main
Lecture 1: On the Intellectual History of Modern Europe
Renaissance Resources
Classical World Resources
Enlightenment Resources
Einstein Resources
Newton Resources
French Revolution Resources
Napoleon Resources
World War One Resources
Lecture 2: Nietzsche, Freud and the Thrust Toward Modernism (1)
Friedrich Nietzsche, Human, All Too Human (1879)
Nietzsche Resources
Søren Kierkegaard, 1813-1855
Søren Kierkegaard, The Present Age (1846)
Stefan Zweig on Nietzsche
Nietzsche, Dionysus and Apollo
Richard Wagner, 1813-1883
Lecture 3: Nietzsche, Freud and the Thrust Toward Modernism (2)
Friedrich Nietzsche, "The Parable of the Madman"
Fyodor Dostoevsky, 1821-1881
Sigmund Freud, 1856-1939
Sigmund Freud, Civilization and its Discontents, 1930 (excerpt)
Lecture 4: The Great War and Modern Memory -- currently editing
Lecture 5: The Russian Revolution (1)
Russian Revolution Resources
The Abdication of Nicholas II (1917)
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (Lenin), 1870-1924
Lecture 6: The Russian Revolution: Red October and the Bolshevik Coup (2)
Lenin's "April Theses" (1917)
Lenin on the Dual Power (1917)
Lecture 7: The Aftermath of the Bolshevik Revolution
The Decree on Peace, November 1917
The Dissolution of the Constituent Assembly (1918)
Origins of the CHEKA (1917)
The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (1918)
Stalin and the "Cult of Personality"
Lenin's "Testament" (1922)
Lecture 8: The Age of Anxiety: Europe in the 1920s (1)
British War Poets
Paul Valery's The Crisis of the Mind (1919)
Paul Tillich, The Courage To Be (1952)
The Lost Generation of 1914
James Joyce, 1882-1941
D. H. Lawrence, 1885-1930
Lecture 9: The Age of Anxiety, Europe in the 1920s (2)
Ortega y Gasset's Revolt of the Masses (1930)
Oswald Spengler, 1880-1936
Mussolini, Doctrine of Fascism (1932)
Georges Sorel, "Letter to Daniel Halevy" (1907)
Adolf Hitler, 1889-1945
Lecture 10: The Age of Totalitarianism: Stalin and Hitler
Waldemar Gurian on Totalitarianism (1953)
Joseph Stalin, 1879-1953
Maxim Gorky, "The Craftsmen of Culture" (1935)
Khrushchev's "Secret Speech" (1956)
The Hitler Youth (1938)
Lecture 11: Hitler and World War II
Neville Chamberlain on "Appeasement" (1939)
The Münich Pact (September 29, 1938)
The Nazi-Soviet Pact (1939)
The Wannsee Protocol, January 20, 1942
The Special Mission of Himmler's S.S. (1937)
Holocaust Resources
Lecture 12: The Existentialist Frame of Mind
Franz Kafka, 1883-1924
Jean-Paul Sartre, 1905-1980
Albert Camus, 1913-1960
Blaise Pascal, 1623-1662
Jean Jacques Rousseau, 1712-1778
Lecture 13: George Orwell and "The Last Man in Europe"
Thomas More, 1478-1535
George Orwell, 1903-1950
George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four
Lecture 14: The Origins of the Cold War
The (Berlin) Potsdam Conference, July 17-August 2, 1945
Wilson's "Fourteen Point Plan" (1918)
Winston Churchill's "Iron Curtain Speech" (1946)
George Kennan, The Sources of Soviet Conduct (1946)
The Truman Doctrine (1947)
The Marshall Plan (1947)
Lecture 15: 1968 -- The Year of the Barricades
Lecture 16: 1989 -- The Walls Came Tumbling Down
Nikita Khrushchev, 1894-1971
Leonid Brezhnev, 1906-1982
Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev
Perestroika Defined (1987)
Lech Walesa
Wojciech Jaruzelski
Todor Zhivkov, 1911-1998
Nicolae Ceausescu, 1918-1989
Vaclav Havel

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Last Revised -- May 13, 2004
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